Jaw orthopaedics represents a branch of dentistry dealing with the study, prevention, diagnostics, and correction of the position and relation between the teeth and the jaw. Establishing optimal jaw relations is extremely important, both for functional and aesthetic reasons.
Patients with incorrect teeth position have a hard time maintaining oral hygiene so since food is left behind, caries is frequently found, as well as gum disease – paradontopathy. Pain can occur in the jaw joints, as well as problems with chewing and even breathing.
JAW ORTHOPAEDICS AND ORTHODONTIC APPLIANCES
The majority of incorrections can be rectified by mobile and fixed orthodontic appliances.
Mobile prostheses correct the incorrections in the child’s active growth period. Prostheses stimulate jaw growth in the right direction. These orthodontic appliances also correct the teeth’ evenness or bring them to a more favorable position in the jaw. In this way, we can considerably shorten the time of fixed prosthesis wear.
It is very important to mention that mobile prostheses, unlike the fixed ones, can be taken off. However, in order to get the desired results, they should be worn for at least 15 hours. This means during the night and as long as possible during the day, to the extent, the child is able to.
Fixed prostheses can correct from minimal to very complicated jaw deformities.
Nowadays fixed prosthesis is a solution that will render you completely satisfied. It can be worn at any age for the age limits for its wear are considerably moved. At the same time, with some patience and discipline which fixed prosthesis requires – you will love the results.
A fixed appliance is, unlike a mobile one, is active for 24 hours. Braces glued to the teeth can be metal or ceramic. Whether the prosthesis is a classic metal one or an aesthetic one, therefore, depends on the material.
FIXED PROSTHESIS AND PROSTHODONTICS
Since a fixed prosthesis corrects the incorrect position of jaw and teeth, as well as the relations between the jaws, today it is very common to use this method as a pre-prosthetic preparation of the patient, i. e. when a fixed prosthesis treatment is finished and the teeth are in the correct position, we move on to the prosthodontics. Sometimes we completely avoid the compensation of one or several teeth or dental implant insertion only by fixed prosthesis wear.
HOW LONG IS FIXED PROSTHESIS WORN?
Treatment duration or rather the wear time, varies and depends on the severity of the deformity, and to a minor degree on the patient’s age as well as the individual response to treatment. On average, treatment lasts from one to three years. A more comfortable but also a slightly quicker solution are self-ligating braces. The difference between them and the classic ones is the fact that the former have no elastic or rubber bands but a clip with a spring-loaded door (that opens and closes) so hygiene is facilitated. After treatment, a retainer or foils are worn usually at night the same amount of time a fixed prosthesis was worn and sometimes longer. The retainers hold the teeth that had been moved by a fixed prosthesis and ensure long-lasting results.
Apat from fixed and mobile prostheses, there are so-called foils that can be used for teeth correction. These are called Invisalign.
Invisalign are transparent foils which can be taken off, which considerably facilitates oral hygiene.
After the diagnosis, mould taking, model scanning and a detailed analysis, it can be calculated with computer precision how and to what extent the teeth would be moved. According to this we can make foils which are changed as the teeth are moved or changed. However, the use of foils can be an alternative to a fixed prosthesis, especially when it comes to minor deformities and correction of front teeth.
When we talk about jaw orthopaedics and orthoodontic treatments, be it mobile or fixed, patient’s motivation and impeccable oral hygiene are crucial.